Why is it important to control your diabetes?
Poorly controlled diabetes can lead to a host of long-term complications:
Early control has been shown to prevent long term complications from diabetes. Make it a priority to manage your diabetes. Don't hesitate to ask your treatment team for help when you need it.
The first step is to maintain a healthy weight by choosing wholesome foods. Losing 5-10 percent of your weight (if overweight) can make a significant difference in diabetes control. A healthy diet is one with plenty of vegetables, whole grains, legumes, fruit and lean protein, with a limited amount of saturated fat and added sugar.
Eating healthy can be overwhelming at times when trying to choose healthy food choices, especially if you are on a budget and short on time. But by taking simple steps you can help yourself and your family eat healthier. We suggest starting by choosing 1 or 2 of the suggestions above and start today! Meet with one of our Dietitians/Nutritionists or Diabetes Educators to help guide you.
Physical activity IS crucial for a person with diabetes because:
Regular exercise helps prevent prediabetes and type 2 diabetes. For those who already have diabetes, exercise will help to maintain better blood sugar control, more effectively than diet alone. Just as little as 10-30 minutes of moderate exercise 5-6 days of the week is recommended. The important thing is you choose something that you can enjoy and be consistent with.
Diabetes medications can range from pills to injectables. When you're diabetic, you may be prescribed a number of different medications to help control blood sugar, cholesterol and blood pressure.
Checking your blood sugar is a very important part of your diabetes care plan. Doing so can help you make good day-to-day choices about food, physical activity and allows your team to create a care plan. Talk to your healthcare provider about your personal goals.
Hypoglycemia is when blood glucose is too low (below 70).
Hypoglycemia can cause:
How do I treat hypoglycemia?
You need to raise your blood glucose. The fastest way to do this is to eat some form of sugar. The ADA advises:
After you have treated the hypoglycemia, wait between 15 to 20 minutes and check your blood glucose again. If your blood glucose is still low, repeat the whole process.
What are the symptoms of Hyperglycemia?
Drink plenty of water and go for a walk if able to help lower your blood glucose, especially when it is too high. Call your doctor or go to the nearest emergency room if your blood glucose remains high.
An essential part of diabetes self-management is to understand and regularly obtain preventive services.
Please continue to our Common Questions and Myths section